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Positions of large speculators according to the COT report as at 16/7/2021

Total net speculators’ positions in the USD index rose by 3,700 contracts last week. This change is the result of an increase in long positions by 100 contracts and a decrease in short positions by 3,600 contracts.

The increase in total net speculators’ positions occurred on the New Zealand dollar last week.

The decrease in total net positions occurred in the euro, the Australian dollar, the Canadian dollar, the British pound, the Japanese yen and the Swiss franc.

Towards the end of last week, equity indices weakened quite significantly on concerns about further developments in the coronavirus outbreak and inflationary pressures. This sent risk currencies into the red. In the COT report, this was reflected in a decline in overall positions in almost all currencies. In contrast, the US dollar strengthened.

If equity indices continue to weaken this week, it would be particularly negative for commodity currencies (the AUD, the NZD and the CAD).  

 

The positions of speculators in individual currencies

The total net positions of large speculators are shown in Table 1: If the value is positive then the large speculators are net long. If the value is negative, the large speculators are net short.

 

 

16/7/2021

9/7/2021

2/7/2021

25/6/2021

21/6/2021

11/6/2021

USD index

11,300

7,600

-400

-500

-2,300

1,800

EUR

59,700

77,200

87,200

89,100

118,200

107,200

GBP

8,000

21,900

17,700

17,900

32,200

27,700

AUD

-28,800

-24,900

-17,800

-17,600

-17,900

-9,400

NZD

3,200

1,800

3,100

3,300

3,300

5,500

CAD

26,400

41,200

45,800

43,200

44,300

45,300

CHF

7,100

10,200

11,100

13,600

9,400

1,100

JPY

-56,300

-69,100

-69,900

-53,900

-46,900

-37,300

Table 1: Total net positions of large speculators

 

Notes:

Large speculators are traders who trade large volumes of futures contracts, which, if the set limits are met, must be reported to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Typically, this includes traders such as funds or large banks. These traders mostly focus on trading long-term trends and their goal is to make money on speculation with the instrument.

The total net positions of large speculators are the difference between the number of long contracts and the number of short contracts of large speculators. Positive value shows that large speculators are net long. Negative value shows that large speculators are net short. The data is published every Friday and is delayed because it shows the status on Tuesday of the week.

The total net positions of large speculators show the sentiment this group has in the market. A positive value of the total net positions of speculators indicates bullish sentiment, a negative value of total net positions indicates bearish sentiment.

When interpreting charts and values, it is important to follow the overall trend of total net positions. The turning points are also very important, i.e. the moments when the total net positions go from a positive value to a negative one and vice versa. Important are also extreme values of total net positions as they often serve as signals of a trend reversal.

Sentiment according to the reported positions of large players in futures markets is not immediately reflected in the movement of currency pairs. Therefore, information on sentiment is more likely to be used by traders who take longer trades and are willing to hold their positions for several weeks or even months.

Detailed analysis of selected currencies

Explanations:
 

Purple line and histogram in the chart window: this is information on the total net position of large speculators. This information shows the strength and sentiment of an ongoing trend.

Green line in the indicator window: these are the bullish positions of large speculators.

Red line in the indicator window: indicates the bearish positions of large speculators.

If there is a green line above the red line in the indicator window, then it means that the overall net positions are positive, i.e. that bullish sentiment prevails. If, on the other hand, the green line is below the red line, then bearish sentiment prevails and the overall net positions of the big speculators are negative.

Information on the positions of so-called hedgers is not shown in the chart, due to the fact that their main goal is not speculation, but hedging. Therefore, this group usually takes the opposite positions than the large speculators. For this reason, the positions of hedgers are inversely correlated with the movement of the price of the underlying asset. However, this inverse correlation shows the ongoing trend less clearly than the position of large speculators.

Charts are made with the use of www.tradingview.com.
 

Euro

Date

Weekly change in open interest

Weekly change in total net positions of speculators

Weekly change in total long positions of speculators

Weekly change in total short positions of speculators

Sentiment

16/7/2021 -10,400 -17,500 -200 17,300 Weakening bullish
9/7/2021 2,000 -10,000 3,900 13,900 Weakening bullish
2/7/2021 2,600 1,900 1,200 3,100 Weakening bullish
 
COT-16-7-obr-1-1.png
Figure 1: The euro and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart


Total net speculators’ positions fell by 17,500 contracts last week. This change is due to a decrease in long positions of 200 contracts and an increase in short positions of 17,300 contracts.

The price of the euro weakened last week and is approaching significant support at the 1.1700 level.

Long-term resistance: 1.2240 - 1.2350

Long-term support: 1.1700 - 1.1750
 

The British pound

Date

Weekly change in open interest

Weekly change in total net positions of speculators

Weekly change in total long positions of speculators

Weekly change in total short positions of speculators

Sentiment

16/7/2021 -6,400 -13,900 -12,500 1,400 Weakening bullish
9/7/2021 9,600 4,200 5,600 1,400 Bullish
2/7/2021 -2,100 -200 200 400 Weakening bullish

 

COT-16-7-obr-2-1.png
Figure 2: The GBP and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart


Last week, the total net positions of speculators fell by 13,900 contracts. This change is the result of a decrease in long positions by 12,500 and an increase in short positions by 1,400 contracts.

The pound has weakened against the US dollar over the past week and is near support levels.

 

Long-term resistance: 1.42-1.4350

 

Long-term support: 1.3670-1.3700
 

The Australian dollar

Date

Weekly change in open interest

Weekly change in total net positions of speculators

Weekly change in total long positions of speculators

Weekly change in total short positions of speculators

Sentiment

16/7/2021 8,600 -3,900 3,400 7,300 Bearish
9/7/2021 6,900 -7,100 4,500 11,600 Bearish
2/7/2021 -7,300 -200 -7,300 -7,100 Bearish
 
COT-16-7-obr-3-1.png
Figure 3: The AUD and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart


Last week, speculators' total net positions fell by 3,900 contracts. This change is due to an increase in long positions by 3,400 contracts and a decrease in short positions by 7,300 contracts. .

The Australian dollar weakened last week and reached support at 0.7400. This support was then broken on Monday morning. In the event that this breakout is valid, meaning that it is not a false break, the Australian dollar could weaken further.

Long-term resistance: 0.7870-0.8000

 

Long-term support: 0.7400-0.7450 (currently broken)

Next long-term support:0.7000-0.7050  

The New Zealand dollar

 

Date

Weekly change in open interest

Weekly change in total net positions of speculators

Weekly change in total long positions of speculators

Weekly change in total short positions of speculators

Sentiment

16/7/2021 700 1,400 1,200 -200 Bullish
9/7/2021 400 -1,300 -500 800 Weakening bullish
2/7/2021 2,000 -200 700 900 Weakening bullish

COT-16-7-obr-4-1.png
Figure 4: The NZD and the position of large speculators on a weekly chart


Last week, total net positions grew by 1,400 contracts, the result of an increase in long positions by 1,200 contracts and a decrease in short positions by 200 contracts.

The NZD is hovering near the support level. This currency correlates with the AUD, so if the AUD weakens, the NZD could also break this support.

Resistance: 0.7370-0.7450

The nearest support: 0.6900-0.6960

Next long term support: 0.6760-0.6800

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